You can have vascular disease for years before experiencing symptoms like leg pain. Often, the first symptom is a serious event like a stroke or heart attack. William R. Martin, MD, and the team at Upper Valley Interventional Radiology have extensive experience providing several types of imaging to diagnose the problem and performing minimally invasive interventional procedures to treat vascular disease. If you have questions or if you'd like to schedule an appointment, call the office in McAllen, Texas, or use the online booking feature.
Vascular disease encompasses any health condition that affects your arteries and veins, including:
Peripheral artery disease, coronary artery disease, and carotid artery disease are caused by atherosclerosis. You develop atherosclerosis when cholesterol and other fats become attached to the artery wall and build up to form plaque. As plaque enlarges and hardens, your arteries become narrower and blood flow is restricted.
The team at Upper Valley Interventional Radiology performs several imaging procedures to diagnose vascular disease, including:
Vascular ultrasound uses sound waves to produce an image of your circulatory system. This type of ultrasound can show blood clots, provide detailed information about the type and amount of plaque, and reveal if you’re at risk for a heart attack.
Doppler ultrasound detects moving blood cells. A Doppler ultrasound measures the direction and speed of blood as it moves through your blood vessels.
After your provider at Upper Valley Interventional Radiology administers contrast material to highlight your blood vessels, you have a CT scan or MRI to obtain diagnostic images.
During a catheter angiography, Dr. Martin uses X-ray imaging to guide the procedure, as he threads a catheter into your blood vessels and injects a contrast material that highlights the vessels and reveals abnormalities.
As an interventional radiologist, Dr. Martin performs minimally invasive procedures that effectively treat vascular disease. During each procedure, he uses X-ray fluoroscopy or another imaging technique to visualize the vessels and guide the procedure.
These are a few examples of interventional radiology treatments for vascular disease:
During this procedure, Dr. Martin uses a balloon-tipped catheter to push open a blocked blood vessel, then he may insert a mesh stent to hold the vein open.
Catheter embolization is done to stop bleeding in a blood vessel. Dr. Martin threads a catheter to the site of bleeding, then injects a medication that stops blood flow.
After threading a catheter to the site of a blood clot, Dr. Martin injects medication that dissolves the clot.
If you need diagnosis or treatment for vascular disease, call Upper Valley Interventional Radiology or schedule an appointment online.